In Utah, approximately 60 percent of poisonings occur in children under the age of 6 years. Therefore, educating parents of these children is a key element in preventing poison exposures. While most people are aware that potential poisons need to be kept away from small children, many parents are unaware of how poisonings occur and which products pose the greatest risk of poisoning young children. The Young Parent lesson plan follows the Utah State Core Curriculum for Health Education in grades 9-12.

Lesson Plan Overview

Download full lesson plan as a pdf file

Utah State Core Curriculum for Health Education for Grades 9-12

Safety and Injury

Standard 5: Students determine how individual and group behaviors impact personal and community health and safety.

Consumer Health

Standard 7: Students evaluate health information needed to advocate for personal, peer, family, community, and environmental health.

Learning Objectives

Participants will be able to:

  • list at least one potential poison in each of the five listed rooms of the home.
  • identify two poison prevention strategies.
  • practice calling the Utah Poison Control Center.
  • relate two reasons why children under the age of 6 are at an increased risk for poisonings.
  • explain the difference between “child-resistant” and “child-proof” as it relates to poisonings.

Materials

  • PowerPoint presentation or overhead slides (Optional); download presentation as ppt file, or download as a pdf.
  • Five large pieces of paper or poster board
  • Several markers or other writing instruments
  • White board or chalkboard for drawing
  • Tic Tac Toe grid (see appendix D in the full lesson plan file)
  • Prizes for the Tic Tac Toe game (optional)
  • UPCC magnets and telephone stickers-available by completing an order form or by calling 1-800-222-1222.
  • Look-alike products such as blue window cleaner and blue sports drink, pine floor cleaner and apple juice, medicine and candy etc. Note: A look-alike drug/candy display can be borrowed from the UPCC. Call 1-800-222-1222 for more information.
  • Household Guide to Poison Control handout for each participant. This is located in appendix B of the full lesson plan.
  • Pre-test/post-test (optional) located in appendix E of the full lesson plan.

Content Outline

  1. Introduction
    1. Introduce self
    2. Pre-test (optional)
    3. Explain purpose
  2. Ice Breaker Activity/Pretest
    1. Round Robin Activity
  3. Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC)
    1. Mission Statement
    2. UPCC Help
  4. Definitions and Statistics
    1. What is a Poison?
    2. Utah’s poison problem
    3. Age distribution
  5. Common Substances
    1. Children under age 6
    2. All ages
  6. When Do Poisonings Occur?
    1. When product is in use
    2. Peak age
  7. What Are These Poisons and What Should We Do About Them?
    1. Medicines and Vitamins
    2. Deadly in a Dose
    3. Household Products
    4. Cosmetics and Personal Care Products
    5. Topicals
    6. Pesticides and Car Care Products
    7. Miscellaneous Poisons
    8. Prevention Strategies
  8. Why Are Children More Likely to be Poisoned?
    1. Stages of development
    2. Risk factors
  9. How Do We Respond to a Poisoning?
    1. Emergency action first aid tips
    2. Calling the UPCC/Role-Play Activity
  10. Game/Posttest
    1. Tic Tac Toe Game
  11. Conclusion
    1. Poison prevention
    2. Contact the UPCC
    3. Post-test (optional)